9 different wood species to create décors that really shine
Learn more about the origin, characteristics, and hardness of Mirage wood species, and most importantly, the look they bring to the rooms you design. Discover a host of useful information to help you pick personalized décors that provide years of satisfaction.
Domestic and exotic species — which ones will you choose to create the perfect ambiance in your projects?
Mirage floors are in compliance with the Lacey Act, which protects against illegal forest practices.
*The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood. This test is also used to determine the degree of difficulty in sawing and nailing. Red Oak is the reference species for comparing wood hardness.
**This is the average hardness of the species (data based on NWFA). However, since wood is a natural and living material, variations in hardness can be observed.
Brazilian Cherry Hardness: 2350 lbs.Learn more
Jatoba wood has a golden luster. Its texture ranges from medium to coarse, with an interwoven grain. In its natural state, Jatoba shows very pronounced color variation when exposed to intense light.
The sapwood of Jatoba may be white, gray, or pink. The heartwood ranges from salmon to orange-brown when freshly cut. With age, it turns a rusty brown and is often marked with dark stripes.
Jatoba shows full, rich color through the entire thickness of the wood, which helps to hide wear marks.
Jatoba: An evocative look that leaves a lasting impression!
Jatoba can be found in southern Mexico, throughout Central America, and as far south as northern Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru. It grows best on the crests and sides of mountains or on high riverbanks. Jatoba can attain a height of 130 ft. (40 m) and a diameter of 4 ft. (1.2 m). The trunk is well formed, often smooth for 40 to 80 ft. (12.2 to 24.4 m).
Hickory Hardness: 1820 lbs.Learn more
Hickory is a dense, highly resistant wood. It is coarse, and the grain is generally straight but occasionally wavy. The color of hickory varies in tone from dark brown to blond beige, even changing slightly to a golden hue. This species also features knots that accentuate its natural character. To preserve the wood's elegance for years to come, Mirage applies a UV protector at the finishing stage.
The sapwood of Hickory is white shaded with brown, and its heartwood is light to reddish brown.
Hickory is natural!
Hickory is generally found from southern Ontario to northern Florida, especially in southern New England and throughout Kentucky. The tree likes moist climates. It usually grows on sloping and relatively dry ground, but it can also be found in wetter soil. Hickory can reach up to 121 ft (37 m) in height. Its trunk can grow to 3.9 ft (1.20 m) in diameter at the base. It has a large vertical root radial, as well as some smaller roots.
Maple Hardness: 1450 lbs.Learn more
Maple has a close grain that gives it a soft, even texture. While the grain is generally straight, it can also appear curly, wavy, or striped. Sometimes there is pronounced color variation when maple is exposed to intense light, although a UV protector applied during the manufacture of flooring limits this variation.
Maple sapwood is generally white with a slight reddish-brown tint: the heartwood is reddish brown and sometimes quite dark.
Maple: A timeless classic!
There are 13 species of maple in North America, 10 of which grow in Canada. Hard Maple is found in the eastern United States and Canada. Maple syrup is produced from the sap. Hard Maple can reach a height of 120 ft. (37 m) and a diameter of 3 ft. (1 m). In the forest, maples can have a clear trunk, free of branches for up to 60 ft. (18 m).
Hard Maple and Black Maple are hardwoods. Other species, such as Silver and Red Maple are considered softwoods. Some manufacturers offer maple floors without specifying that they are using soft species. These floors are much less impact-resistant.
Marks, scratches, or imperfections are more noticeable because of the close, even grain and pale color. The more open grain of oak and ash hides marks better. A matte finish will help make marks less noticeable.
White Oak Hardness: 1360 lbs.Learn more
The grain of White Oak is similar to that of Red Oak. Its color ranges from light creamy beige to grayish brown. White Oak will undergo moderate color changes overtime, taking on a slightly amber tone. It is essentially a straight-grained wood with a medium to coarse texture and longer rays than Red Oak. To maintain the wood's elegance for many years, Mirage applies a UV protector at the finishing stage.
The sapwood of White Oak is almost white, while the heartwood is grayish brown.
White Oak: So beautiful by nature!
White Oak grows in a wide variety of soil types and ranges from southern Quebec and Ontario to Georgia in the United States. This species prefers a warm, humid climate and does not like overly harsh winters. White Oak can grow up to 35 m (115 ft.) tall, with a trunk 50 to 120 cm (20 to 47 in.) in diameter.
Sapele Hardness: 1300 lbs.Learn more
Sapele is a fine-textured wood with an interwoven or wavy grain. Moderate to pronounced color variation may occur when this species is exposed to intense light.
The sapwood of Sapele is white or pale yellow. The heartwood is pink when freshly cut but becomes reddish brown or purplish brown with age. Sapele shows full, rich color through the entire thickness of the wood, which helps to hide wear marks.
Sapele: Decorate your home with exotic beauty!
Sapele ranges from Ivory Coast to Cameroon, and eastwards to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. It can attain a height of 150 to 200 ft. (45 to 60 m). The trunk is straight, cylindrical, and branchless up to 100 ft. (30 m), with a diameter of 4 to 6 ft. (1.2 to 1.8 m). In some cases, the base of the tree spreads as roots form offshoots from the ground.
African Mahogany Hardness: 1300 lbs.Learn more
African Mahogany is a fine-textured wood with an interwoven or wavy grain. Moderate to pronounced color variation may occur when this species is exposed to intense light.
The sapwood of African Mahogany is white or pale yellow. The heartwood is pink when freshly cut but becomes reddish brown or purplish brown with age. African Mahogany shows full, rich color through the entire thickness of the wood, which helps to hide wear marks.
African Mahogany : Decorate your home with exotic beauty!
African Mahogany ranges from Ivory Coast to Cameroon, and eastwards to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. It can attain a height of 150 to 200 ft. (45 to 60 m). The trunk is straight, cylindrical, and branchless up to 100 ft. (30 m), with a diameter of 4 to 6 ft. (1.2 to 1.8 m). In some cases, the base of the tree spreads as roots form offshoots from the ground.
Red Oak Hardness: 1290 lbs.Learn more
Red Oak has a generally even grain. Because it grows slowly, oak is notable for having many growth rings on each board. Variations in color are very limited over time, even if it is exposed to intense light. Nevertheless, Mirage applies a UV protector at the finishing stage to preserve all the luster of its original color.
The sapwood of the oak ranges from white to pale brown, while the heartwood is reddish brown.
Ordinary wear and tear is hardly noticeable due to oak's open grain and natural reddish color.
Oak: Rich color, classic style!
More than 200 subspecies of oak are found in North America. The Northern Red Oak is found all over the eastern United States and in the southeast of Canada. However, because of the climate, the northern and southern Red Oak are different. Further north, the harsher winters slow growth and yield a harder wood. Trees can reach a height of 125 ft. (38 m) and considerable diameter.
Yellow Birch Hardness: 1260 lbs.Learn more
Yellow Birch is a species with a close, straight grain that gives it a relatively even texture. Its boards sometimes have a curly or wavy look. Even when exposed to intense light, Yellow Birch has the advantage of showing minimal color variation. To maintain the wood's elegance for many years, Mirage applies a UV protector at the finishing stage.
Yellow Birch is a creamy yellow or pale white: its heartwood is reddish-brown with red highlights.
Yellow Birch: For décor that inspires elegance!
Yellow Birch grows primarily in Quebec, the northeastern United States, and the Great Lakes region. It can reach a height of 70 ft. (21 m) and a diameter of 2 ft. (0.6 m).
Marks, scratches, or imperfections are more visible on Yellow Birch because of its close, even grain and pale color. The coarser grain of oak and ash hides marks better. A matte finish will help make marks less noticeable.
Walnut Hardness: 1010 lbs.Learn more
Walnut is a wood with moderate hardness. The color difference between its sapwood and heartwood is very pronounced, which results in significant variations in color and grain between boards. Walnut shows minimal color variation when exposed to intense light. Unlike other species, walnut tends to lighten over time.
Walnut sapwood is creamy white and sometimes tan, with heartwood ranging from rich dark brown to purplish black.
Walnut: Simply stunning!
Walnut is found primarily in the eastern United States, but it is also present in the American Midwest. Walnut can attain a height of 37 m (120 ft.) and a diameter of 1 m (3 ft.).
Marks, scratches, and imperfections are more obvious on walnut because of its hardness and density. A matte finish will help make marks less noticeable.